My Life, My Decisions
                                                 (A Life Time Decision)

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The future depends on what we do in the present.                      ... Mahatma Gandhi


Retirement:

This time comes in every one’s life so one has to accept it. Only thing one has to keep in mind particularly during his peek days to plan for this eventuality. You still need to do one crucial task: deploy your retirement corpus in a way it can sustain your expenses for the rest of your life. A study has revealed that at 60, the average Indian can expect to live up to 78. In urban areas, the average lifespan is even longer. By the time one is 70, the average life expectancy goes up to 82 years. This also means retirees have to plan their finances in a way that they don't run out of money in their old age.

6 Steps of doing Retirement Planning:

There are some important points mentioned below , that must be kept in mind for retirement planning.Apart from these, your own experience and the lifestyle you had are also important to keep in mind.


Step 1: Calculating your Current Yearly Expenses

Expenses - like Rent, House hold expenses, Children fees etc etc. You should have a rough idea of what is the minimum amount you require per month for living a good life. You should also try to save a part of your salary every month, Ask your self, Can you live with 70%, 80% or 90% of your present Salary?

Example:


Step 2 : Understanding how much Inflation would be there in coming years


Step 3 : How much amount would you require in your Retirement (This is purely individual's choice). Continuing with same example

Retirement yearly Expenses = Current Yearly Expenses * (1 + inflation)^(number of years left)
Mr A has already calculated his yearly expenses as Rs 3,50,000. He has 28 more years at hand .
He calculates his retirement yearly expenses Retirement Expenses = 3,50,000 * (1+ .065)^28 = 20,40,000 (20.4 lacs approx)


Step 4 : Finally coming up with the corpus you would need at the retirement

So suppose you expect to get a return of 7% per year. Then you need X amount at the end where 7% of X is = your yearly expenses. Corpus needed = (Monthly Expenses)/(interest expected )

So in the case of Mr A, the yearly expenses expected was Rs 20,40,000 and return expected is 7%. So we calculated the amount required for Retirement that is 20,40,000 / .07 = 2,91,00,000 (2.91 crores).

Formula used for calculation

            PVA = A * [ {(1+r)^n -1} / { r * (1+r)^n } ] , Where


Step 5: Calculating how much you should save per month

Here comes the interesting part, here there are two things

So here is the process

You can also go the other way deciding how much return you can generate and based on that how much you need to save. But I prefer the first way because then you control things in your hand but you can go the other way too. So our friend Ajay has a saving of Rs 15,000 at the moment (40,000 – 25,000) And he thinks that he can easily invest 10,000 per month at least over a long term. So the return he needs to generate per year CAGR for 28 yrs to generate his retirement corpus of 2,91,000,00 comes out to be 12.25%, see the calculator mentioned above.


Step 6 : Understanding Where to invest it

So you got the CAGR return number which you need to generate over a long term. This number will decide how much risk can you take and where can you invest depending on your time frame. See below to understand which are the suitable products you can invest to get your returns.

Understand the ground Rules: